The hidden injury.
A brain injury is sometimes called “a hidden injury”, because people who have sustained a brain injury often look perfectly normal from the outside; however there can be so much wrong inside the brain. Following a brain injury, people can have one or more of the following changes:
- Memory difficulties
- Difficulties concentrating
- Difficulties with processing information
- Speech and language difficulties
- Social judgement
- Planning and initiating activities
- Self awareness
- Flexible problem solving
- Difficulties with sleeping
Some people exhibit personality changes, mood swings, emotional liability, and reduced tolerance to frustration or depression. Some changes are temporary, others are permanent.
A Speech Language Therapist trained in Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy (CRT) can help with improving thinking and learning skills. This is not a cure; it requires participation and commitment of the person with the brain injury.
A brain injury affects all members of the family, and a speech language therapist can provide education and discuss strategies with family members.
References Malia, K. & Brannagan, A., (2000). Brain Tree Training, Neurological Training for Professionals. Powell, T. (2004). Head Injury: A practical guide (2nd Ed). Speechmark Publishing Ltd, Milton Keynes, UK.