A stroke or brain attack is the disruption of blood supply to the brain.
The majority of strokes are caused by a reduced blood flow to the brain and this is generally caused by arthrosclerosis. Approximately 20% of the strokes are caused by a haemorrhage. This is a bleed in the brain which is caused by hypertension or a ruptured aneurysm.
People who have sustained a stroke are usually admitted to a hospital where they receive acute treatment and rehabilitation. This rehabilitation will continue when the stroke survivor returns home. A physiotherapist, occupational therapist and a speech and language therapist a part of the rehabilitation team.
People who have sustained a stroke may have physical, cognitive or psychosocial problems. A speech-language therapist can help people who have difficulties with:
- Finding the correct words to say
- Stringing words together into a sentence
- Understanding other people
- Having a conversation in a group situation
It is important to remember that the help the speech language therapist provides is not a “cure”. It is a combination of training the brain to improve skills and using a variety of strategies to compensate for difficulties with certain tasks.