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Traumatic Brain Injury

The hidden injury.

A brain injury is sometimes called “a hidden injury”, because people who have sustained a brain injury often look perfectly normal from the outside; however there can be so much wrong inside the brain. Following a brain injury, people can have one or more of the following changes:

  • Physical
  • Memory difficulties
  • Difficulties concentrating
  • Difficulties with processing information
  • Speech and language difficulties
  • Social judgement
  • Planning and initiating activities
  • Self awareness
  • Flexible problem solving
  • Difficulties with sleeping

Some people exhibit personality changes, mood swings, emotional liability, and reduced tolerance to frustration or depression. Some changes are temporary, others are permanent.

A Speech Language Therapist trained in Cognitive Rehabilitation Therapy (CRT) can help with improving thinking and learning skills. This is not a cure; it requires participation and commitment of the person with the brain injury.

A brain injury affects all members of the family, and a speech language therapist can provide education and discuss strategies with family members.

Malia, K. & Brannagan, A., (2000). Brain Tree Training, Neurological Training for Professionals.
Powell, T. (2004). Head Injury: A practical guide (2nd Ed). Speechmark Publishing Ltd, Milton Keynes, UK.

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